Pros and cons of private school and public school -Explained

Ever wondered about pro and Cons of Private and Public schools - Here's the answer.

Ever wondered about Pros and Cons of Private school and Public school - Here's the answer.

Div  Acharya

Div Acharya

Div is the founder and blogging Growth strategist/coach at Digitallydiv Approach & pepLifestyle who is enthusiastic about assisting women in establishing their digital empires and establishing a blog that enables them to turn their hobbies into a lucrative business.

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Define public schools :

The public schools are fully funded by the government. Parents don’t pay tuition to send their kids there. 

They are 100 % free whether parents are rich or poor. Public schools must take all children that are zoned for that school district. 

Public schools have more accommodations for students with special needs than private schools. This is because they are forced to take kids with special needs and behaviour issues.

Define Private school

On the other hand, Private schools can take or reject any student they want. 

They charge tuition and can be quite expensive.

They don’t have to answer to the city govt to the same degree as public schools. Their teachers are non-union.

The Private School Pros

Smaller class

Small class sizes, a hallmark of private education, have drawn parents and struggling students to private schools for generations.

Smaller classes have been shown in study after study to improve the atmosphere and overall learning quality in the classroom.

Most teachers will tell you intuitively that working with fewer children more personally improves the atmosphere and overall learning quality in the classroom.

Smaller classes take less of a “one size fits all” approach, and the teacher has the ability to tailor lessons more specifically to different students.

Fewer children allow teachers to get to know students, their distinct learning styles and needs, and more time with each student also means more time to address individual questions and explain difficult concepts to student. 

Opportunity to know everyone

Particularly for high school students, class sizes with less than 17 children can greatly benefit development, especially in reading and mathematics.

The lower student to teacher ratio also helps draw young adults out of their shell and grow in confidence.


Better post-school outcomes

Academic performance and school completion are of critical importance in determining post-school outcomes.

The superior academic performance of private school students is reflected in their lower levels of unemployment and greater participation in higher and further education


Participation in multiple extracurricular

Surveys indicate that parents do not choose independent private schools for their children exclusively on the basis of academic performance.

Instead, they seek an environment in which their children can develop to the full extent of their capabilities, including, but not confined to, their academic abilities.

When comparing independent private schools with public schools, the major theme that emerged was not differences in academic standards and curriculum, but issues of discipline and order.

The surveyed parents felt that the behaviour and attitudes of students in public schools were unacceptable, and this was a prime factor in ‘opting out of the public system for many.

Networking Opportunities

Networking can be a valuable asset in advancing one’s career in business. Although most people begin networking in college or later in their careers, networking can begin much earlier.

For example, if you are in a school with a lot of motivated students, chances are that these students will end up in good jobs later on, and having a connection to those students may help you get into those companies.

Because private schools are often quite expensive, they are mostly attended by children from wealthy families. In turn, those families will frequently have strong ties to well-known corporations.

As a result, there may be a natural network that children can form through friendships in private school.

Increased chances of admission to prestigious universities

Children who attend good private schools often have an easier time getting into top universities. This is frequently due to the fact that children in private schools may be able to improve their education levels faster due to a better individual learning experience.

It could also be because some private schools have excellent connections to universities, making it easier for students to gain admission to those colleges.

Private schools may provide a safer environment for children.

Some public schools are also notorious for being dangerous, with frequent violent incidents.

Thus, in order to protect your children and ensure their safety, sending them to private school may make sense, especially if you live in an area that is known to be unsafe and where public schools have a poor reputation.

Private school cons


High Cost : 

As it stands, the school system is inequitable and inefficient—public school parents do not get the quality of education they should expect, and private school parents are forced to double-pay for their children’s education, less a small subsidy


Lack of diversity

Decades ago private schools could have been accused of being elitist, but they still are. You need to have money to attend. The student populations were fairly homogeneous.  

Fewer supports for special needs

Unlike public schools, private schools are not required to run open enrolment processes. Their charter is to provide schooling of “choice”, not to provide for everyone. Because of this, the exact size of the gatekeeping problem is unknown.

While government schools receive some extra funding from the state to support children with learning disabilities and other special needs, private schools are not eligible.

As a result, students with disabilities are over-represented in government schools, particularly in disadvantaged areas where parents have fewer options.

Public school pros

Free and Most likely near your home

Public education is unbeatable in terms of cost. Although some parents may object to the recently added costs of supplies and participation in sports teams, these schools are still significantly less expensive than their private counterparts.

The average tuition for private schools in Australia during the 2020-2021 school year was $10500, according to a survey.

During the same year, the average cost of a boarding school was $35,118. The National Association of Independent Schools charged even higher fees.

Mostly Zoned and anyone is welcome( Higher Availability)

Every child in a community has access to an education thanks to public schools. According to the Huffington Post, public schools are not allowed to refuse students based on their academic performance, income level, or disability.

This ensures that every student in a neighbourhood, regardless of their current personal or financial situation, has access to the same educational opportunities as their neighbours down the street.

Because education is frequently regarded as the great equaliser in society, the availability of education for all is a key benefit provided by these institutions.


Because public schools accept all children in the community, those who attend are more likely to be in classrooms with children who do not think, act, or look exactly like them.

Students are more likely to be exposed to students from different cultures or socioeconomic backgrounds.

They might learn to collaborate with other students who have mental and physical disabilities. The diversity of the student body can be a valuable learning experience in and of itself for all of the children who attend a specific school.

Opportunities for Extracurricular Activities

In addition to the options available in the classroom, students in public schools frequently have more options for activities after the last bell of the day.

Most schools provide a variety of extracurricular activities, ranging from athletics to music and theatre, to keep students learning and excelling in their areas of interest.


Public schools cons


Larger classes  and Can get lost in the crowd


It also showed that overcrowding of classrooms significantly affects effective teaching and learning

The analysis further indicated that overcrowding of classroom negatively affected the academic performance of students, being the major factor responsible for the poor performance of students in public schools.

A study of factors affecting the number of high school students going on to college noted:

“Overcrowding reduces students’ ability to pay attention and increases school violence. In such schools, students achieve less; rates of teacher and student absenteeism are higher than at schools that do not have these problems.

Sometimes overcrowding is addressed by putting students on year-round, multi-track schedules with fewer days of school.


These students suffer interrupted and lost instructional time; limited access to advanced courses and specialized programs; ill-timed breaks and correspondingly limited access to extracurricular activities and enrichment programs; and poorer academic performance.”Source:

Emphasis on sports and Limited advanced courses

State High Schools (“state schools” or “public schools”) cost very little for Australians, and so students come from a broad spectrum of the Australian community. State schools are not as formal as private schools regarding school uniforms for example.

Apart from the basic subjects, state schools have great flexibility when it comes to the subjects they make available to their students. Individual schools offer a total of more than 50 different subjects, of which students must choose six (some are compulsory). 


Before making this critical decision, parents must carefully consider the nature of their child, the availability of both types of schools in their areas, and their own expectations for their child’s educational experience.

With this in mind, it appears that the debate over public vs. private schools is about the ‘experience’ of attending school rather than the supposed benefits in terms of academic merit.

Choosing between public and private means considering a variety of factors, both in terms of the school and the child or children involved.

My personal school selection advice: Don’t be afraid to switch schools if your child is unhappy…..

You have the option to change your mind!

Speak with the Principal to see if the school is a good fit for your child.

Pay attention to your child and their needs.

Follow up on any negative experiences and watch how the school handles your concerns.

Get some reviews on the particular school you are looking at. There are numerous FB Groups for Mums and dads that can help you get recommendations for a school.

Public schools can be challenging at times and Private schools can be easy to get in.

Should I send my Kid to Private or Public School?


It is difficult to decide whether to send your child to private or public school.

As previously stated, there are numerous advantages and disadvantages to attending a private school, and you should weigh all of them in order to make the best decision for your child and yourself.

In order to find the best education solution for your child, you should also consider his or her individual preferences.

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